However, the Han Dynasty conquered Nam Viet in 111 BCE, ushering in the "First Chinese Domination," which lasted until 39 CE. 29. The Red River in the North and Mekong in the South are surrounded by extremely fertile plains on which most of the country’s crops are grown. 40. Even so, after the end of the war, with the armistice between the south and the north, the Vietnam War was marked by morale and public opinion as the first defeat in US military history. It celebrates rebirth and is an equivalent of the Lunar New Year. Per capita GDP as of 2013 was $2,073, with an unemployment rate of just 2.1% and a poverty rate of 13.5%. The Han Chinese defeated and killed them in 43 CE, however, marking the beginning of the "Second Chinese Domination," which lasted until 544 CE. Water puppetry is another popular art form that dates back as far as the 11th century. In 938 AD, the Vietnamese developed a trade system to exchange animal skins, ivory and tropical goods for Chinese scrolls on administration, philosophy and literature. Vietnam was first ruled by the Hung Dynasty, in the 3rd century BC. In 1428, they were defeated by the Lê Dynasty, who later conducted the invasion of Champa in 1471. Hue’s royal tombs are a vivid portrayal of ancient royal art, architecture, and geomancy. In 938 AD, the Vietnamese developed a trade system to exchange animal skins, ivory and tropical goods for Chinese scrolls on administration, philosophy and literature.5. In the western world, the word "Vietnam" is almost always followed by the word "War." Most cities and farms are concentrated around river valleys and deltas. The highest point is Fan Si Pan, at 3,144 meters (10,315 feet) in elevation. Vietnam flourished, triggering the beginning of the historical golden era. 7. The Ly invaded Champa and also moved into Khmer lands in what is now Cambodia. However, the remaining 15% include members of more than 50 different ethnic groups. Vietnam (Vietnamese: Việt Nam, [vîət nāːm] ()), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam), is a country in Southeast Asia and the easternmost country on the Indochinese Peninsula.With an estimated 96.2 million inhabitants as of 2019, it is the 15th most populous country in the world. Area 329,560sqkm. Many great dynasties followed, until the Chinese Ming came into power in 1407. Around 2,000 BCE, the Dong Son Culture introduced rice cultivation into Vietnam. At the end of the Second World War, France demanded the return of its colonies in French Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos). Surfnetkids » Almanac » History » 10 Facts About the Vietnam War. When cooking a pig, the entire animal is used including the innards. The red background pays tribute to the bloodshed during the wars. Like many Southeast Asian countries, Vietnam is a country rich in history. According to a legend which first appeared in the 14th century book Lĩnh nam chích quái, the tribal chief Lộc Tục (c. 2919 – 2794 BC) proclaimed himself as Kinh Dương Vương and founded the state of Xích Quỷ in 2879 BC, that markes the beginning of the Hồng Bàng dynastic period. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. This pattern of affiliating and adapting was already evident in Vietnam’s historical relations with China, and it reappeared as descendants of mandarins responded to the challenge of the West by rejecting tradition and becoming communists to combat … The head of government in Vietnam is the prime minister, currently Nguyễn Xuân Phúc. 1. A long war which began in 1955 and didn’t end until 1979, the Vietnam War is one of the most well-known conflicts of recent years. Their flag consists of a golden star with five points to represent farmers, workers, intellectuals, youth, and soldiers. The truth might just change the way you see America’s most disastrous war. In this video we'll talk about Vietnam. Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula. In 2016, Vietnam's GDP growth was 6.2%, driven by export-oriented manufacturing and robust domestic demand. Fansipan, also known as The Roof of Indochina is the highest mountain peak in the region. Although the bulk of the fighting took place in Vietnam, the war also spilled over into neighboring Laos and Cambodia in the early 1970s. Of course, both are top members of the Vietnamese Communist Party. Vietnam Facts 1. It also conquered the former Champa, extending Vietnam to its current borders. English is increasingly popular as a second language. The Nguyen Dynasty took control in 1802 and ruled until 1945, first in their own right and then as puppets of French imperialism (1887–1945), and also as puppets of the occupying Japanese Imperial forces during World War II. 9. Vietnamese traditional fashion is easily distinguished by the flowing robes (Ao Dai) and conical hats (Non La). Legend has it that the peoples of this land originated from a union between an immortal Chinese princess and “The Dragon Lord of the Seas.”. In Vietnam it’s known as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War. Vietnam is a densely populated developing country that has been transitioning since 1986 from the rigidities of a centrally planned, highly agrarian economy to a more industrial and market based economy, and it has raised incomes substantially. 27. 20. Vietnam has a long history of affiliating with a dominant civilization and adapting that civilization’s ideas, institutions, and technology to Vietnamese purposes. Vietnam's longest-reigning Dynasty, the Le, next ruled from 1428 to 1788. Vietman's biggest cities and economy, food and people. All Rights Reserved. And although the war, which lasted for close to two decades (1955-1975), has been covered extensively by historians over the years, there are still some very important details that have gone unnoticed. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. Thu Phap calligraphy involves “blowing beauty into every single character.”. Vietnam's economic growth remains hampered by the government's control of many factories as state-owned enterprises (SOEs). The first dynasty that many consider to be the start of the Vietnamese state was the Hong Bang Dynasty which was ruled by the legendary Hung kings. 12 Vietnam War Facts for Kids The Vietnam war was fought between November 1st, 1955 and April 30th, 1975. 26. South Vietnam has a tropical monsoon climate. This "Third Chinese Domination" lasted through 905 CE when the Khuc family overcame the Tang Chinese rule of the Annam area. Tet Nguyen Dan (or simply Tet) is the most important festival in Vietnam. 13. Vietnam war history In the North Vietnamese side they had 10 times as many deaths as the South. As in China, however, the economy is increasingly capitalistic. The Hoan Kien turtle is one in only four known living ones from its species. Its official currency is Dong (VND). Vietnam's army overran neighboring Cambodia in 1978, driving the genocidal Khmer Rouge out of power. 10 Facts About the Vietnam War. Construction styles vary from traditional stilt houses and Chinese style pagodas to colonial French architecture and thin tube houses. The main trading partners of Vietnam are China, Japan, South Korea and the USA. Vietnam was declared to be the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Early History of Vietnam In Vietnam, the first people to live there can be traced back 5,000 years. The top court is the Supreme People's Court; lower courts include provincial municipal courts and local district courts. France ’s military activity in Vietnam began in 1847, when the French Navy attacked Danang harbour in response to Emperor Thieu Tri’s suppression of Catholic missionaries. Kinh Dương Vương was succeeded by Sùng Lãm(c. 2825 BC – ?). Share. With an immensely rich culture, Vietnam fascinates with its communist history, the devastation marked by the Vietnam War, and the renewed economic center in Ho Chi Minh, with marked French influence. 32. Vietnam Facts: Economy The main agricultural products are rice, coffee, tea, pepper as well as soybeans, cashews, peanuts and rubber. Vietnam history stretches back more than 2,000 years, perhaps as early as the Bronze Age. Saigon was seized in early 1859 and, in 1862, Emperor Tu Duc signed a treaty that gave … As of 2019, 1 USD = 23216 dong. Spoken Vietnamese is tonal. Vietnam’s history is filled with wars and invasions. Maritime traders, the Sa Huynh exchanged merchandise with peoples in China, Thailand, the Philippines, and Taiwan. They also have a “love market” festival that is observed to commemorate a tragic forbidden love story and to give modern-day ex-lovers a chance to meet on neutral territory. 18. The tunnels of Cu Chi are a network of underground pathways that were used as a military base for the Viet Cong soldiers in their resistance of American forces. 30. The body of their first president Ho Chi Minh (Uncle Ho) was embalmed, and is on display in a mausoleum. Religion Buddhism, Taoism, and Catholic. Then, Chinese troops were given the order to invade northern parts of Vietnam, and then they ended up staying in the country for many hundreds of years. 36. Their cuisine is well known for its balance of the five Asian elements; spicy, sour, bitter, salty and sweet. 15. 23. Vietnamese is the official language of Vietnam. The Nine Dynastic Urns symbolize sovereignty and are each named after an Emperor. Vietnam has an area of 331,210 sq km (127,881 sq miles), along with the eastern coastal strip of Southeast Asia. Their culture is a complex adaptation of Chinese, Japanese, French and American colonial influences.4. #Vietnam It is bordered by three countries – China, Laos, and Cambodia. The lowest point is sea level at the coast. Vietnam is a country rich in history and traditions, dating back thousands of years and instilled with a deep respect for the land, the sea and their ancestors. Vietnam's unicameral legislature, the National Assembly of Vietnam, has 496 members and is the highest branch of the government. Artifacts of human habitation in what is now Vietnam date back more than 22,000 years, but it is likely that humans have lived in the area for much longer. In 1954, the French withdrew and Vietnam was partitioned with the promise of democratic elections. Vietnamese was written in Chinese characters until the 13th century when Vietnam developed its own set of characters, chu nom. Language Vietnamese (official), Chinese, English, and French. Wonderful country with a huge potential. In 111 BC, the Han Dynasty from China absorbed Vietnam into their empire. Hanoi is the country’s capital and Ho Chi Minh City is its largest city. Climate North Vietnam has Southern Mediterranean type climate. The Vietnam War began on November 1, 1955, and ended April 30, 1975. Artifacts of human habitation in what is now Vietnam date back more than 22,000 years, but it is likely that humans have lived in the area for much longer. The Vietnam War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.. See the fact file below for more information on the Vietnam War or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Vietnam War worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment. 28. Noodles or “pho” are the second most popular food in Vietnam, after boiled rice. 22. However, there’s most to this city than what can be captured in a play or a moment of history. The French returned, and Ho Chi Minh’s troops continued to fight for another 8 years. Even the judiciary falls under the National Assembly. China conquered the northern part of modern Vietnam in 111 BC and retained control until 938 AD; it continued to exert some control over the Vietnamese until 1885. With these 51 interesting facts about Vietnam, explore how fascinating the country has become over the years; with beautiful scenery, amazing cuisine, and an awesome kaleidoscope of cultures that you definitely need to experience for yourself! However, in this case, Karl Marx's antipathy to religion is overlaid on a rich and varied tradition of different Asian and Western faiths, and the government recognizes six religions. Originally, Vietnam ended at the 17th parallel, but it gradually conquered all the area southward along the coastline of the South China Sea and west to Cambodia. Vietnam fun facts: the lucky symbol in Vietnam is a tortoise When we were looking for interesting facts about Vietnam, we noticed that Vietnamese people love tortoises. Rice terraces are planted that way to enable the crop to grow along the steep mountainsides. Modern Vietnam was born upon the Proclamation of Independence from France in 1945. The country has a population of 92,700,000, which makes it the 14th largest country in the world by population. In 1225, the Ly were overthrown by the Tran Dynasty, who ruled until 1400. Temperatures do not vary much throughout the year, generally, with an average around 23°C (73°F). Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. The principle of yin and yang is also applied in composing a meal, to provide contrasts in spiciness and temperature of the food. 10. A total of 44.3% of the labor force works in agriculture, 22.9% works in industry, and 32.8% works in the service sector. Local Time GMT +7. 25. There are a lot of stories you’ve never heard and a whole pile more that you have heard but incorrectly. Snake wine, which is made by steeping whole snakes in rice wine for their venom or essence, is commonly drunk for health, vitality and restorative purposes. Some of the largest groups are the Tay, 1.9%; Tai, 1.7%; Muong, 1.5%; Khmer Krom, 1.4%; Hoa and Nung, 1.1% each; and Hmong, at 1%. The weather tends to be humid year-round, with substantial rainfall during the summer rainy season and less during the winter "dry" season. Vietnam’s street food culture is quite popular and considered by many to be one of the best in the world. Pin. Brief Overview of the History of Vietnam Vietnam has a history of tribes uniting to form strong dynasties. 5. 12. Those Vietnamese who identify with a particular religion report their affiliations as follows: Vietnamese folk religion, 73.2%; Buddhist, 12.2%, Catholic, 6.8%, Cao Da, 4.8%, Hoa Hao, 1.4%, and less than 1% Muslim or Protestant Christian. 1. Facts at a Glance. Since the 1970s, Vietnam has slowly liberalized its economic system and recovered from decades of war. Perhaps inspired by the success of Asia's capitalist "tiger economies," however, the Vietnamese recently declared a policy of economic liberalization and joined the World Trade Organization. The Vietnam War (sometimes called the Second Indochina War) was one of the deadliest and costliest wars ever fought in modern history. However, the North under communist leader Ho Chi Minh invaded the U.S.-supported South later in 1954, marking the beginning of the Second Indochina War, also called the Vietnam War (1954–1975). Exports from Vietnam include clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil … Tiet Canh is a traditional Vietnamese dish made from fresh animal blood. They believe that they are bringing luck and health. 3. Khmer Rouge: Regime Origins, Timeline, and Fall, Timeline of the Vietnam War (Second Indochina War), Biography of Vo Nguyen Giap, Vietnamese General, Biography of Ho Chi Minh, President of North Vietnam, Dongson Culture: Bronze Age in Southeast Asia. Additionally, it is referred to as, The Second Indochina War. The highest temperature ever recorded was 42.8°C (109 °F), and the lowest was 2.7°C (37°F). A conference of world leaders decided to divide Vietnam into two separate states. The next … They depart at the end of the Lunar Year to report their findings to Ngoc Hoan, The Jade Emperor. The Tran famously defeated three Mongol invasions, first by Mongke Khan in 1257–58, and then by Kublai Khan in 1284–85 and 1287–88. Between 1788 and 1802, peasant revolts, small local kingdoms, and chaos prevailed in Vietnam. Vietnam has a long history of being ruled by foreign powers, and this led many Vietnamese to see the United States’ involvement in their country as neo-colonialism. 21. 19. Lizard fishing is one of Vietnam’s most widespread hobbies. 25 Nov. Hello! The majority of the land is hilly or mountainous and heavily forested, with only about 20% flatlands. In terms of area, the country is 128,455 square miles and is … There are many interesting facts about the Vietnam War which many people don’t know – let’s explore some of the lesser-known facts about this period of history. Led by Ly Bi, northern Vietnam broke away from the Chinese again in 544, despite the southern Champa kingdom's alliance with China. Vietnam is also home to the world’s largest cave, Son Doong. The Vietnamese currency is the dong. However, modern Vietnamese historians assume, that statehood was only developed in the Red River Delta by the second half of 1st millennium BC. 34. Captivating facts about the southeast country of Vietnam. Tweet. 6. 16. Today I will tell you about the geo history of Vietnam. Leave a Comment. As a result, 80% of Vietnamese self-identify as belonging to no religion, yet many of them continue to visit religious temples or churches and to offer prayers to their ancestors. Vietnam—Country Partnership Framework for the Period FY18–FY22 (English), J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. It imports leather and textiles, machinery, electronics, plastics, and automobiles. Hoi An ancient town was a trading port from the 15th century that has endured up to date. Vietnam has a rich and diverse culture, stunning natural scenery, adventurous cuisine, and a vibrant art and craft scene. In 207 BCE, the first historic kingdom of Nam Viet was established in northern Vietnam and southern China by Trieu Da, a former governor for the Chinese Qin Dynasty. 1954: The French were defeated and left Vietnam. 35. 11. The North Vietnamese eventually won the war in 1975 and reunited Vietnam as a communist country. Vietnam War (1960–1975): Military and Diplomatic Course The Vietnam War was the longest deployment of U.S. forces in hostile action in the history of the American republic. Vietnam is a country located in Southeast China. Vietnam is non-religious due to its communist government. Vietnam has now established diplomatic relations with 164 countries, trade relations with over 100 countries, and has attracted foreign investment from more than 50 countries and territories. Posted on 11/25/2020 11/25/2020 by apho2018. The Vietnam War is also known in Vietnam as the Resistance War against America. In religious construction, pagodas are for worship and offerings, while temples are built to honor historical figures. Population 85,262,356. Vietnam borders China, Laos, and Cambodia. But, the history of Vietnam as a state dates only to about 250 years before the Christian era, when the country became known as Van Lang, and later as Au Lac. Quan Ho folk songs are love duets between male and female singers considered by UNESCO to be an intangible cultural heritage of humanity, Geography, and Landscape. Total Population : 94,569,072 However, Vietnam has more than 1,000 years of recorded history, and it is much more interesting than just the events of the mid-20th century. 38. 0 Shares. 14. Capital City Hanoi. Archaeological evidence shows that bronze casting in the area began around 5,000 BCE and spread north to China. As of 2018, Vietnam has about 94.6 million people, of whom more than 85% are ethnic Kinh or Viet people. 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