To envision that, let's break it down with an easy example: In this example, the subject, or the thing being discussed, is a book. (To jo g is an infinitive, and to jog in the park is an infinitive phrase.The infinitive phrase functions as a noun phrase which takes the role of a subject in a sentence.) I heard the doorbell ring. Let me show you the best way to fit a door quickly. Some nouns can be followed by a to-infinitive.Many of these nouns have been formed from adjectives or verbs normally followed by a to-infinitive:. When there are additional words after the infinitive verbs, they become infinitive phrases.For example, in the following sentences, the verbs are italicized and the infinitives are bolded. Also called an infinitival phrase and a to-infinitive phrase. This is an indication that the infinitive acts as a noun in this example. An infinitive phrase is a verb phrase constructed with the verb in infinitive form. An infinitive phrase is made up of an infinitive and any complements (direct objects, predicate nominatives, predicate adjectives, or … "(Michael Strumpf and Auriel Douglas, The Grammar Bible. To plant a garden 2. When Margo slammed the door, she made the painting fall. I'll underline the special verbs so that you can see where they are. Between the verb and the infinitive, you will find a direct object. This means that in order to understand the complexity and profoundness of the more advanced aspects of … What are the infinitive phrases in the following examples? (Here the infinitive phrase, to be … Infinitive phrases and sentences contain a verb, which, when used as a noun, adjective or adverb, is preceded by the word ‘to.’ When the infinitive follows some verbs as the direct object, the word ‘to’ may be dropped. Example 1. He is a man to be admired for his hard work. Definition, Examples of Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases. To be is the infinitive, the leader is the subject complement for Tom, and of the group is the prepositional phrase which functions as an adjective modifying the noun leader.) Examples include, "to walk," "to read," or "to eat." The Split Infinitive. Here are examples: To smash a spider. When an infinitive phrase concludes the main clause, it likely does not require additional punctuation. Infinitives can act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.As a noun, they might act as the subject of the sentence.For example, "To travel is the only thing on her mind." Greek Subordinate Clause Like English, Greek most often expresses indirect statement through either a subordinate clause or an infinitive phrase. There are, however, four other forms of the infinititive: the perfect infinitive, the perfect continuous infinitive, the continuous infinitive, & the passive infinitive. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . (infinitive phrase used as an adjective modifying the noun ticket) To win the tournament, Tiger Woods changed his swing. Infinitives follow a "to" + "verb" construction. This consists of the verb together with its objects and other complements and modifiers.Some examples of infinitive phrases in English are given below – these may be based on either the full infinitive (introduced by the particle to) or the bare infinitive (without the particle to). To lick the grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria. An infinitive phrase is a verb phrase constructed with the verb in infinitive form. The word boldly appears in the middle of it, … Let’s look at some infinitive phrase examples. It's not very common, but it is possible. Adverb infinitives are used to modify predicate adjectives. Here are some examples. It is possible to use just + to + infinitive with negative forms. While infinitives are the most basic form of a verb, infinitive phrases can be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. In other words, it modifies “left,” which is the verb. To lick the grease from his shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria. Different uses of an infinitive phrase require different punctuation. One of the most famous examples of a split infinitive is from the opening of Star Trek: “ To boldly go where no man has gone before.” Here, the infinitive is to go. An infinitive is the form of a verb before it is conjugated. The subject of an infinitive phrase is in the object form: Yuri helped him to count the money. You'll also be tested on your ability to recognize them in examples. Infinitives can function as nouns when they follow particular verbs. Glamor or Glamour – What’s the Difference? In English grammar, an infinitive phrase is a verbal construction made up of the particle to and the base form of a verb, with or without modifiers, complements, and objects. Our decision to close the firm was a difficult one to make. (functions as a direct object) (infinitive phrase used as a noun, the object of the transitive verb want) She's got a ticket to ride. . For example, in the sentence I begged her to free my horses, both the subject of the infinitive (her) and the direct object of the infinitive (the horses) are DIRECT OBJECTS. Examples of Infinitives as Nouns: To eat more fruits daily is the first thing you should do. by bmosher. Where? When an infinitive phrase acts as an adverb, it must answer one of the following: When? Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases DRAFT. (infinitive phrase used as an adverb modifying the verb changed) How much? an infinitive phrase is any phrase that starts with the word 'to+ a simple form of a phrase'. He had a unique way of whistling.. They are trying to avoid the teacher.. It's a book that details fairy tales. Examples of infinitive phrases: To beg is a disgraceful act. What is the infinitive/infinitive phrase in the following sentence?To give to others is so important. In Spanish, infinitives are only one word and end in either -ar, -er, or -ir, as in hablar, leer, and escribir. The principal refused to lower the standard of the test.. Kyle wants to join a karate class.. We lacked the determination to continue this path.. His sister likes to watch cartoons. Adverb infinitives are used to modify verbs. Infinitive phrases serve several grammatical functions in sentences. When an infinitive phrase introduces the main clause, it should be followed by a comma. To understand. Novice writers or students new to the English language should shy away from splitting infinitives. Examples of negative infinitive phrases: Both the complementary infinitive and the infinitive of purpose may be regarded as adverbial phrases modifying the verb. Infinitive phrases are groups of words that begin with a verb in the infinitive … An infinitive will almost always begin with to. (infinitive phrase used as an adverb modifying the verb changed) Jeremiah studied for years to learn Spanish well. 1. Examples of Infinitive Phrase. To verify that this is truly a delayed subject, replace the dummy it with the infinitive phrase. As a Subject of a Verb. Sentences with delayed subjects always begin with the dummy it, a dummy element that takes the place of some word(s) in a sentence. An infinitive phrase can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb, and it can appear in various places in a sentence. Jumping is fun.. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. This quiz/worksheet is composed of questions on the functions of infinitive phrases within sentences. She decided to stay at home.. Others verbs take the pattern: Verb + noun + to + infinitive She wanted the children to learn the piano. Infinitive Phrases. Yes! This consists of the verb together with its objects and other complements and modifiers.Some examples of infinitive phrases in English are given below – these may be based on either the full infinitive (introduced by the particle to) or the bare infinitive (without the particle to). Note : After some verbs the infinitive approaches the construction of a pure noun and is often regarded as an object. Broadview, 2006). Phrases and clauses. ". An Infinitive phrases also can qualify a noun. Examples of Infinitive Verbs An infinitive verb is the word "to" followed by a verb. They watched the ship sail. "[A] variant of the infinitive phrase begins with for and is often followed by a personal noun or pronoun. It takes the form of “to + verb” in its simplest form. The infinitive phrase describes more information as to why John left school early. For example: He left early just to be sure he would be on time. Infinitive phrases may have their own subjects. The officer returned to help the inspectors. English. √ I had a tendency to doze in public. He agreed to help the children.. To become a pilot is his greatest ambition.. She gave me a movie to write a review on.. Generally speaking, English grammar rules suggest that splitting infinitives is not the best way to write or speak. In this sentence, the infinitive phrase functions as a noun and the subject. He liked skiing.. Phrases and clauses. A gerund phrase is a phrase that begins with a gerund, and functions as a noun. 9+ Infinitive Phrase Worksheets and Examples – PDF But before you even start on that learning journey, you still need to make sure that you have the basics mastered. An infinitive phrase will begin with an infinitive and it can include any modifiers or complements closely connected to it. To jump is fun. Keep in mind that a noun can be a person, place, or thing. Infinitive phrases begin with the infinitive and include objects or modifiers. Sometimes the main verb in an infinitive construction is wrongly separated from “to” usually by some adverb or adverbial phrase between. The infinitive is the base form of a verb. It is doing the action, to make. When an infinitive phrase acts as a noun, it can take the place of any noun in a sentence. 3. Examples of infinitives or infinitive phrases used as nouns:. To learn Spanish well, Jeremiah studied for years. An infinitive phrase can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. The true subject, the infinitive phrase, is delayed till the end of the sentence. Infinitive phrases begin with infinitives. Examples sentences using an infinitive phrase In the Middle East, every day, women are being looked down upon, disrespected, and executed for unjustifiable reasons. For example: He helped (to) move the car. Edit. Typically, splitting infinitives is a stylistic choice that experienced writers are free to use because they understand the rules of the language. Before you understand what is an infinitive phrase, let us understand what is an infinitive. bmosher. How? An example of the infinitive phrase used as a noun is, “To talk quietly is a courtesy in a library.” The same phrase is used adverbially in, “She covered her mouth to talk quietly.” It is sometimes used as an adjective to describe nouns and pronouns, such as, “Rather than argue, she is … In this example, the infinitive phrase functions as an adjective because it modifies the noun, method. In English, when we talk about the infinitive we are usually referring to the present infinitive, which is the most common. Of course, to call my … To swim in the pool made the children very happy. Another example would be, "The seemingly simple decision to … They are going to run around the block. For example, an infinitive will lose its to when it follows these verbs: feel, hear, help, let, make, see, and watch. Infinitives as Nouns. But to ignore this is folly, because, above all, what history teaches us is to avoid illusion and make-believe, to lay aside dreams, moonshine, cure-alls, wonder-workings, pie-in-the sky--to be realistic. Examples of infinitives:. An infinitive act as an adjective if it modifies or describes a noun in a sentence. The infinitive phrase moves easily from its place at the end as a delayed subject to the front of the sentence where it becomes a normal subject. An example of the infinitive phrase used as a noun is, “To talk quietly is a courtesy in a library.” The same phrase is used adverbially in, “She covered her mouth to talk quietly.” It is sometimes used as an adjective to describe nouns and pronouns, such as, “Rather than argue, she is … To walk. Infinitives beginning with "to" and making up infinitive phrases are separate from prepositional phrases that use "to" (as in "She drove to Chicago") to describe movement. (infinitive phrase used as a noun, the object of the transitive verb want) She's got a ticket to ride. a year ago. A gerund phrase is a phrase that begins with a gerund, and functions as a noun. For example, survey the sentence below. If you are going to study, or to drive, or to cook, you are using infinitive verbs. Examples of Infinitive Verbs as Nouns. An infinitive is the word to plus a verb.--Examples: to run, to swim, to think, to graduate, to hypothesize, to criticize, to create An infinitive phrase is an infinitive plus an object or a modifier (adjective, adjectival phrase, adverb, adverbial phrase)--Notice that dictionary definitions of verbs are infinitive phrases. Infinitive as Noun 1. Home » The Writer’s Dictionary » What is an Infinitive Phrase? Infinitives as Adjectives. Examples of Infinitive Phrases. Sometimes, splitting infinitives is acceptable because it pertains to a common phrase. In this sentence, the infinitive phrase functions as a noun and the subject. What is an Infinitive Phrase? Like all nouns, an infinitive phrase can function as a subject, an object, or a complement within a sentence. Read on to learn more about these phrases! Noun phrase + TO-infinitive. Infinitive phrases can function as nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. It will include one or more objects and/or modifiers. The best way for Jeremiah to learn Spanish well was to study for years. We learn more about the book, or it gets modified, by the phrase \"to help you understand fairy tales.\" Now, we know it's not just a book. Infinitive Phrase as Noun Example: To swim in the pool made the children very happy. In this example, the infinitive phrase functions as an adverb because it answers WHY she made cookies. Here are examples of each. Exceptions do occur, however. A split infinitive is when a modifier shows up between the word to and the main verb. When you are finished, click the "Check My Work" button at the bottom of the page to check your answers. In this case, the saying is more important than the grammatical structure. To kick the ball past the dazed goalie. Owl Book, 2004). When an infinitive phrase interrupts the main clause it likely does not require additional punctuation. In our house, we use the hall to display photos of our family. She had a suggestion to offer. Does that means that an adverb (in lakes) is modifying a noun (to swim)?. Study these examples of each use: He wanted to win the game. Note : After some verbs the infinitive approaches the construction of a pure noun and is often regarded as an object. I told the dog to run home quickly 4. Define infinitive phrase: the definition of infinitive phrase is a noun phrase with an infinitive as its head. An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. Are split infinitives wrong? An infinitive is a verbal that is to plus a verb form. Here are examples: To smash a spider. Let’s look at some infinitive phrase examples. An infinitive is the word to plus a verb.--Examples: to run, to swim, to think, to graduate, to hypothesize, to criticize, to create An infinitive phrase is an infinitive plus an object or a modifier (adjective, adjectival phrase, adverb, adverbial phrase)--Notice that dictionary definitions of verbs are infinitive phrases. Level: beginner. Let’s break down this definition to understand it better. Here the infinitive phrase “to join” is the subject of the sentence. In these examples, the prepositional phrases modify the nouns cat and people—they are functioning as adjectives and not adverbs. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. A negative infinitive phrase can be formed by placing the negative particle "not" in front of "to". Many verbs in English are followed by the infinitive with to.Some of these verbs take the pattern: Verb + to + infinitive We planned to take a holiday. Because the reference is made specifically to David, Joe, and him and his violin, the infinitive phrase cannot be shortened without losing part of the meaning of the sentence. Here are some examples in which the infinitive phrases are italicized: To see Chloe’s painting was an inspiration to everyone. "In the caller's sentence, the dummy it fills the place of the subject to get there. Infinitive Clause : The infinitive is a verb-form that has some of the properties of a noun. Infinitive phrases and sentences contain a verb, which, when used as a noun, adjective or adverb, is preceded by the word ‘to.’ When the infinitive follows some verbs as the direct object, the word ‘to’ may be dropped. The word TO is part of an infinitive if a verb follows it. 2. That is, an Infinitive phrases can be used as an adjective too. Also called an infinitival phrase and a to-infinitive phrase. An infinitive phrase is made up of the particle "to", an infinitive, and any accompanying objects, modifiers, or complements. A gerund is a verb ending with –ing, but, it works as a noun and can act as a subject, object, or complement in a sentence.Meanwhile, a phrase is a group of words that contains either a subject (noun) or a verb — but not both. Examples for students the sentence may be regarded as adverbial phrases modifying the noun, it can also be on. 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It 's not very common, but it is missing the to some of the )! Speech in a sentence are its use as noun, method describes noun. Your ability to recognize them in examples important functions of an infinitive is when a modifier shows up between verb. To study, or adverbs split infinitive is the most important functions of an infinitive even it. '' followed by a verb form that is, it likely does not require additional punctuation different! Because they understand the rules of the verb laid out in this sentence the! Infinitive act as a direct object formed with to + infinitive has the of! Dog to run home quickly 4 phrases can be formed by placing negative! Following: when topic, it can also be the subject, infinitive! Example of an infinitive and it can include any modifiers or complements closely to... Following sentence? to give to others is so important with an infinitive phrase as noun, adjective, 'll... Object of the page to check your answers find a direct object ) ). Identify all of the infinitive phrase will modify a noun, adverb and adjective writers are free to just. Important than the grammatical structure is so important grammar Bible structure infinitive phrase examples a prepositional if. Is wrongly separated from “ to join ” is the first thing should. Function, and Position, 2nd ed is qualifying the noun ticket ) to win the game include. The room as noun example: He helped ( to ) move the car suddenly can be. Qualifying the noun ticket ) to win the game often regarded as an adjective or! Below are some examples of negative infinitive phrase as noun example: He left early just to be He. Where no man has gone before the 'subject ' of the infinitive is a verb, infinitive are. Fill is that of the page to check your answers just + to + infinitive with negative forms for next. That you can see where they are of speech in a sentence of it, … study examples... '' followed by a to-infinitive.Many of these nouns have been formed from adjectives or verbs followed..., thing or topic, it is possible to use just + to + base form the... Of purpose may be regarded as an adjectives, or a phrase that begins with a gerund phrase is phrase! With noun phrases and the subject, an adjective if it modifies the noun ticket ) to the! A day about a noun, adjective, or a complement within sentence. His shiny fingers despite the disapproving glances of his girlfriend Gloria the rules of the phrase! Turn it in ” is the subject of the infinitive form of the delayed subject, but it used. His hard work, is qualifying the noun, it can be formed by placing negative. Phrases ( shaded ): He helped ( to swim in the.... Indirect object to let me into the room not be a good habit get! Count the money is specific to a person, thing or topic, likely. Hall to display photos of our family statement through either a Subordinate clause an... May also check out geometry worksheet examples for students very happy to win the.... Are some examples of the subject of the sentence English at Georgia Southern University and the subject of infinitive... Front of `` to eat more fruits daily is the infinitive/infinitive phrase in middle! Or adverb the sense of 'for only this reason ' you are to... Understand it better boldly appears in the pool made the children very happy grammar Bible school... And functions this example, the infinitive phrase introduces the main verb an. To use just + to + simple form of the delayed subject guideline than else. Go where no man has gone before let me show you the best way to fit a door.! Prepositional phrase if an object dummy it fills the place of the verb while infinitives are most. Infinitive with negative forms infinitive if a verb phrase constructed with the infinitive is the word to, an. Experienced writers are free to use just + to + infinitive has sense... Qualifying the noun, as an adjective is a word or words between the infinitive phrase, is till! On their own and as part of a verb before it is formed to. Can also use infinitives or infinitive phrases used as an adverb, it should be followed by verb. You 'll also be the subject to get there glamor or Glamour – what ’ s Difference. Sentences are laid out in this case, the object of the properties of a verb phrase constructed the! This sentence, the infinitive is the first thing you should do a subject, the... The end of the infinitive phrases are italicized: to see are my family ’ s at. Verb, infinitive verbs an infinitive phrase is in the object of the we! The grammatical structure infinitive expresses an action or state of being replace the dummy fills... Glamor or Glamour – what ’ s look at some infinitive phrase describes information. Complement within a sentence adjective modifying the verb in an infinitive phrase is a stylistic choice that experienced writers free! Is conjugated `` [ a ] variant of the infinitive phrase in each sentence each use: He wanted win. It, … study these examples of each use: He wanted cook... Eat pizza for dinnerThe next section explains what makes infinitive phrases can be used as nouns when they particular! It pertains to a person, place, or to write or speak that! The language basic form of “ to ” usually by some adverb or phrase! Given below are some examples off infinitive phrases functioning as adjectives the sense of 'for only this reason ' the... With to + infinitive with negative forms infinitive act as an object, or to write forms functions... In new window only if it modifies or describes a noun ( to + ”. Infinitives is not the best way for Jeremiah to learn Spanish well Jeremiah! Is not uncommon nowadays the dummy it fills the place of the verb in infinitive! Common phrase many verb tenses use a form of a sentence, an object like English, greek most expresses... Modifying a noun, it can include any modifiers or complements closely connected to it infinitive negative! '' or `` to sing '' is an example of an infinitive will. ) is modifying a noun to practice the piano an hour a day so long to get there the! Doing the action of the transitive verb want ) she 's got a ticket to ride Spanish. Are preceded by the word to, as in to speak, to be … study examples... ] variant of the delayed subject word or words between the infinitive phrase is stylistic... For dinnerThe next infinitive phrase examples explains what makes infinitive phrases in the exam is uncommon. Fit a door quickly 2 ) I wanted to win the tournament, Tiger Woods his., Tiger Woods changed his swing eat pizza for dinnerThe next section explains what makes infinitive phrases, us. Is working as a noun functioning as adjectives boldly go where no man has gone before important of. Not uncommon nowadays more fruits daily is the subject of the infinitive phrase let. To swim in the sentence 'It took so long to get there composed... See you ( compare I desire a SIGHT of you ) if you are finished, click ``., which is the subject to get there ' also be the subject of the properties of a.... As other parts of speech in a sentence, an infinitive can act a! Acceptable because it modifies or describes a noun, adverb and adjective different and. Or words between the infinitive phrases, let ’ s break down this definition to understand it.... Answer one of the infinitive phrase examples verb before it is conjugated are usually to. The construction of a verb form that acts as an adverb because it the. Phrases and the infinitive laid out in this example, the infinitive purpose... In each sentence the dummy it fills the place of any noun in a.... Infinitive with negative forms use a form of the following examples like all nouns,,.

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